Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy utilizes injections of a patient’s own platelets (cell fragments found within the blood) to improve the function of tissues. It can accelerate the healing and regeneration of injured tendons, ligaments, muscles and joints. The therapy works by using each individual patient's own blood (platelet growth factors) to heal and improve musculoskeletal symptoms.
Other names for this procedure include platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), platelet-rich growth factors (GFs), autologous concentrated platelets and platelet concentrates (PCs).
PRP is usually given to help repair and heal injuries. Platelets help our blood to clot when there is an injury. The growth factors and cytokines within platelets can help repair injuries and encourage healing.
PRP can be useful for
The procedure is suitable for adults whose daily lives are affected by osteoarthritis or tendinitis, in particular those who have not benefitted from physical therapy, those don't want to opt for steroid injections, or for whom that treatment hasn't worked. It is also suitable for young adults who have suffered sporting injuries.
It is important to inform your doctor if any of the following apply to you:
On the day of the procedure, do not take any pain medication four hours before the scheduled procedure time. You must fast for at least 6 hours before the procedure. If you are allowed to continue with your regular medications, take them with sips of water only. You must bring a responsible adult with you to drive you home after the procedure (if not present, the procedure will be cancelled). Please bring your insurance card and Emirates ID with you.
If you are Diabetic:
After you have checked in for your appointment, you will be escorted by a nurse who will review your medical history, medication and obtain pre-procedure vital signs.
Your doctor may suggest sedation via an intravenous (IV) line, which will keep you comfortable and safe during your procedure.
Blood is first removed from the patient and processed in a machine that separates its components. The platelets are separated into blood plasma and other white and red blood cells are removed, resulting in platelet-rich plasma (PRP). The processing takes around 30-45 minutes.
PRP is then injected into the affected area under the guidance of ultrasound. You will be positioned appropriately depending on the injection site and the area is first cleansed with an antiseptic solution and will be numbed using a local anesthesia. A nurse will monitor your vital signs during the procedure.
The total procedure time might vary between 60-90 minutes. Most patients usually require 1 - 3 sessions for treatment efficiency.
Once the procedure is complete, a plaster will be placed over the injection site, and you will be transferred to the recovery room for observation where a nurse will monitor your vital signs. The length of stay in the recovery room may vary.
You may be sore at the injection site and there may be some temporary numbness at the site of procedure.
Most patients can go home the same day.
IMPORTANT: Once you have been discharged, you will receive your discharge instructions and an adult must be available to accompany you home.
PRP therapy provides relief to those who are suffering from trauma and sports-related injuries that affect the joints, tendons, ligaments, muscles and other soft tissues of the body. As muscle injuries cause tissue to tear, and ligament injuries take time and are difficult to heal, PRP offers an effective option for athletes in their healing process as it aims to restore the functionality and mobility of the injured joint or muscle.
Patients with osteoarthritic knee pain benefit from PRP therapy as it helps to restore hyaluronic acid concentration in the knees due to synovial fibroblast and hepatocyte growth factors in the platelet substance. This can reverse joint damage and eliminate disease progression.
PRP therapy can also help chronic back pain, which is very difficult to treat, by improving structural elements such as ligaments, discs, and joints.
As PRP therapy is an advanced technique, it provides a fast, safe and effective healing process that also effectively reduces inflammation and swelling.
As it is a simple and minimally invasive intervention, it can & may reduce the need for surgery.
To ensure the best treatment and intervention, please note that all patients are required to attend a consultation with one of our Interventional Pain Management Center physicians first, then the procedure will be scheduled on another day.
If you have any questions or concerns, please call Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi at 800 8 CCAD (2223), and request an appointment with one of our physicians at Interventional Pain Management Center.
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This information is provided by the Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for advice about a specific medical condition.
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