​Overview of the Thyroid Disorders Program

The Thyroid Disorders Program at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Medical Subspecialties Institute specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of a range of thyroid disorders in adults. 

The program’s expert caregivers offer state-of-the-art imaging and pathology services for accurate and rapid diagnosis, as well as comprehensive treatment options for patients.

What are thyroid disorders?

The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, below the Adam’s apple. It is an important gland responsible for making and storing two hormones called thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine. These hormones play a vital role in regulating many body functions including blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature, and metabolism. 

Thyroid conditions usually arise when there is a problem with the production of these hormones, these thyroid disorders include:​

  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid, or hormone production that is too high)
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid, or hormone production that is too low)
  • Thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid gland)
  • Thyroid nodules (lump or swelling in the thyroid gland)
  • Thyroid cancer

Diagnosis of thyroid disorders 

During your first visit to Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Thyroid Disorders Program, you will be asked to provide a brief medical history and undergo a physical examination to determine the nature of your thyroid condition. ​

Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism 

These conditions may be associated with a range of symptoms, such as:​

  • Weight gain or loss
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the neck
  • Changes in energy or mood

If hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism is suspected, a blood test to check your thyroid levels can confirm the diagnosis.​

Thyroid nodules 

Thyroid nodules are often symptomless and the majority are benign (noncancerous). They can however, be associated with a bulge in the neck, or difficulty in swallowing and breathing if they are very large or press against vital structures in the neck. Our Thyroid Disorders Program specialists evaluate patients using:​

  • Ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves produce high quality images of the thyroid gland.
  • Biopsy: A fine needle is used to collect cells from the thyroid nodule for more accurate evaluation. 
  • Molecular testing: When the biopsy does not provide a clear diagnosis, analyzing the genes of thyroid nodules may be helpful. 

Treatment of thyroid disorders 

Our expert Thyroid Disorders Program team is highly trained in the latest treatment options to provide advanced, individualized care to patients with thyroid conditions. 

Treatment depends on the cause and degree of thyroid dysfunction, and includes thyroid hormone replacement for hypothyroidism, and anti-thyroid medications or surgery for hyperthyroidism.

Patients with thyroid cancer are treated with surgery and occasionally with radioactive iodine ablation (removal of tissue in the thyroid using radioactive iodine). 

All thyroid cancer cases are reviewed by our multidisciplinary team of endocrinologists, surgeons, pathologists and radiologists, to agree on the best treatment plan. After surgery, patients are monitored with blood tests, neck ultrasound, and in some cases with nuclear imaging. This helps to ensure long-term remission and early detection and treatment if the cancer returns.

Thyroid Disorders Program Caregivers

Thyroid Disorders Program caregivers at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Medical Subspecialties Institute are an experienced, multidisciplinary team supported by state-of-the-art radiology, laboratory, and pathology services. 

Caregivers involved in patient care for this program include:​

  • Endocrinologists
  • Surgeons
  • Pathologists
  • Radiologists
  • Specialized nurses


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