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Pain resulting from burn injuries can be challenging to treat because burns differ in their types and severity. There are three types of burns:
Dry heat (such as fire), wet heat (such as steam or hot liquids), radiation, friction, heated objects, the sun, electricity, and chemicals can cause burns.
Thermal burns are the most common type of burns. These burns occur when flames, hot metals, scalding liquids, or steam come in contact with the skin. These burns can result from many different circumstances including house fires, vehicle accidents, kitchen accidents, and electrical malfunctions.
The treatment of a burn depends on the type of burn. First-degree burns might be treated with skin care products such as aloe vera cream or an antibiotic ointment. A dry gauze bandage over the skin will protect the burned area. A pain medicine can ease the pain of a burn.
Second-degree burns might be treated with an antibiotic cream, or other creams or ointments prescribed by a doctor.
The treatment of third-degree burns might require the process of skin grafting or the use of synthetic skin. Severe burns covering large parts of the body might need more intensive treatments such as I.V. antibiotics to prevent infection or I.V. fluids to replace fluids lost when the skin was burned.
Burn pain can be one of the most intense and prolonged types of pain. Burn pain is difficult to control because of its unique characteristics, its changing patterns, and its various components. In addition, there is pain involved in the treatment of burns as the wounds must be cleansed and the dressings changed. Studies have concluded that the management of burn pain can be inadequate, and such studies have advocated more aggressive treatments for pain resulting from burns.
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This information is provided by Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, part of Mubadala Healthcare, and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or health care provider. Please consult your health care provider for advice about a specific medical condition.
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