The multidisciplinary team at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Lung Cancer Program use the latest available techniques to diagnose and treat lung cancer, close to home. The Program also offers screening for lung cancer in high-risk patients – particularly those with a history of tobacco use – to identify and treat cancers at the earliest possible stage, maximizing chances of recovery and survival. The Heart, Vascular & Thoracic, Respiratory and Critical Care Institutes jointly contribute to this program.
Lung cancer is one of the most common, complex, and aggressive forms of cancer. However, today, thanks to advances in treatments and a better understanding of the disease, the prognosis for those diagnosed with lung cancer is better than ever.
Our Lung Cancer Program brings together a multidisciplinary team of, thoracic surgeons, medical oncologists, radiation oncologists, pulmonologists, pathologists, thoracic radiologists, physical therapists, and other supportive services to help our patients through their lung cancer journey. Together, these specialists collaborate to provide customized, coordinated care, ensuring the entire team’s expertise is focused on every patient. This comprehensive range of services ensure the highest quality of care is delivered, always.
Our team works together and meets regularly as a Tumor Board to explore and discuss the most appropriate approach to diagnosis and treatment for every patient, with treatment customized to ensure they enjoy the best possible quality of life. We also work closely with Cleveland Clinic in the US to discuss patient cases, when necessary, home to some of the most respected lung cancer specialists in the US.
Lung cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in the UAE, and the world’s most common cause of cancer-related death for both men and women. It is one of the most complex and aggressive cancers to treat. Lung cancer develops when the normal process of cell growth is disrupted or becomes abnormal, and a tumor forms.
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The incidence of lung cancer is strongly linked to cigarette smoking, with about 90% of lung cancers being linked to tobacco use. In the GCC and UAE, this also includes other forms of smoking, such as shisha, cigars, and medwakh pipes.
Most lung cancers begin in the bronchi lining (the airways of lungs or breathing tube). Lung cancer can also form in the glands below this lining, and frequently in the outer areas of the lungs.
There are two main types of lung cancer; small cell lung cancer or non-small cell lung cancer, which both develop in different ways:
NSCLC is the most common form of lung cancer. It often spreads and grows slowly and has three main types (named after the cells within which the cancer develops):
SCLC is less common than NSCLC, accounting for only around 15% of lung cancers. However, this type of lung cancer grows quickly, and is often advanced and has spread at the time of diagnosis.
There are many other rare tumors which can develop in the chest. These may or may not originate from the lung and include carcinoid tumors (found in large airways) and malignant mesothelioma (found in the lung lining).
Mesothelioma affects the membrane that protects most of the body’s organs (mesothelium). It is a rare cancer which often begins in the mesothelium which surrounds the lungs (called the pleura). It can also begin in the pericardium, the membrane that surrounds the heart. Mesothelioma usually develops after long exposure to asbestos.
Lung cancer usually has no symptoms in its earliest stages. Symptoms and signs of lung cancer typically occur when the disease is advanced.
Signs and symptoms of lung cancer might include:
Most cases of lung cancer are caused by smoking. This applies to both smokers and people exposed to secondhand smoke. Smoking (including cigarettes, shisha, cigars, and medwakh pipes) damages the cells lining the lungs as the smoke contains cancer-causing substances.
Lung cancer can also develop in people who have never smoked or never been exposed to secondhand smoke – the cause of lung cancer in these patients is unknown.
As well as smoking, other factors may increase your risk of developing lung cancer. Some can be controlled, like quitting smoking, and others can’t, such as your family history. Risk factors include:
How lung cancer is diagnosed is different from person to person. Your doctor may order imaging tests to obtain pictures of the inside of your body, such as a CT scan, supported by several minimally invasive procedures if the results reveal a possible cancer. If a patient requires multiple diagnostic tests (tests used to help diagnose a disease or condition), these can be performed in one setting in Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s hybrid operating rooms, reducing the need for multiple procedures and multiple patient transfers within the facility.
Diagnostic tests include:
These important tests and procedures can help determine whether cancer is present, help tell how advanced the disease is and provide information that will help our specialized team to identify and treat lung cancers at the earliest possible stage, maximizing chances of recovery and survival.
Staging lung cancer is the next step in the lung diagnosis process. Staging allows doctors to understand the extent of the cancer to make the best decisions for treatment. Different types of lung cancer are staged differently and have specialized words and categories. A general way to describe lung cancer staging is:
Lung cancer treatment decisions are made by the patient and your specialized Thoracic Cancer team together. At Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi our multidisciplinary tumor board will meet to discuss each Lung Cancer patient. This team of specialists will sit together to talk through the best treatment options, including clinical trials, for each individual. This approach ensures each patient gets the benefit of several expert opinions for their treatment plan.
Treatment options for Lung Cancer are usually based on the types of cancer you have, the stage of the cancer and your lung cancer treatment goals. Treatment options usually involve:
Surgery is usually required for the removal of cancerous tumors in the lung/s. Where possible, treatment is performed using minimally invasive techniques or approaches called Robotic-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery and Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS).
Robotic-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: This procedure involves the use of a high precision 3D camera and robotic surgical system. The surgeon controls robotic surgical instruments that are inserted through small incisions in the chest. The surgeon uses a 3D camera system to view the surgical site with enhanced depth perception and magnification. The robotic arms mimic the surgeons hand movements with more precision and stability, making this an ideal approach for complex surgeries.
Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery (VATS): VATS, also a minimally invasive approach, is a technique with the similar small incisions are made in the chest wall, and a tiny camera called a thoracoscope is inserted through one of the incisions. This allows the surgeons to see inside the chest cavity and perform the surgery using specialized instruments that are inserted through the other small incisions. The surgeon is then able to remove a portion of the lung, repair damaged tissue or biopsy suspicious areas.
A few of the main benefits of minimally-invasive approaches are smaller incisions, less pain, shorter hospitals stays and faster recovery times compared to traditional open surgery; known as a thoracotomy.
It is important to remember, that the type of surgery performed can vary depending on the size, localization, and extent of the cancer. Some additional surgical treatment options include:
All the above surgeries can be performed by Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s experienced team of Lung Cancer surgeons. Additional treatment options also include:
Lung cancer is a complex and aggressive cancer to treat. It often has no symptoms until it is at an advanced stage, when survival rates are lower. But if caught early, lung cancer has a much higher chance of being cured. The best way to detect it early is through a routine screening.
Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s multidisciplinary and collaborative approach to Lung Cancer offers screening to anyone at an increased risk for the disease. Screening is performed with a low-dose CT scan of the lungs, which is fast, painless, non-invasive, and accurate. Click here to learn more.
Who Should Attend Lung Cancer Screening?
Anyone considered high-risk for lung cancer should attend regular screening. This includes:
Lung cancer screening saves lives. If you are at risk, book yours today.
The Thoracic Cancer Program at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi that treats Lung Cancer is comprised of a multidisciplinary team and offers specialized support in areas ranging from diagnostic imaging and procedures to post-operative care. Caregivers include: