Interstitial lung disease (ILD) refers to a broad group of diseases that can cause damage to tissue within the lungs. The diseases that fall under the category of “interstitial lung disease” affect the functional tissue of the lungs in many different ways, and as such, they may have different causes, treatments, and outcomes.
The Interstitial Lung Disease Program at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi offers care from a multidisciplinary team of pulmonologists, thoracic surgeons, radiologists, and pathologists. Consisting of some of the world’s leading experts in ILD, the team is uniquely able to diagnose ILD and provide treatment using the best international practices and latest medical research.
In a patient with ILD, the lung tissue known as interstitium thickens due to inflammation, damage, or a buildup of fluid. This causes the lungs to begin to scar or stiffen, which can contribute to a number of respiratory problems.
The term “ILD” encompasses a number of different diseases affecting the lungs. The Interstitial Lung Disease Program at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi specializes in diagnosing and treating all types of ILD.
Below are some of the most common conditions classified as ILDs:
Patients showing symptoms of a potential interstitial lung disease will usually be referred by their physician to the Respiratory and Critical Care Institute at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi for testing, diagnosis, and treatment.
Diagnosis of Interstitial Lung Disease
New patients will meet with a pulmonologist specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung disease. The physician will review the results of past tests, including pulmonary function tests or chest imaging such as CT scans, and may request additional testing. For some patients, a surgical lung biopsy or bronchoscopy may be needed to establish an ILD diagnosis.
Treatment of Interstitial Lung Disease
The appropriate treatment program for each patient will depend on what type of ILD has been diagnosed. Many patients’ treatment plans may include:
Additional Information for Patients with Interstitial Lung Disease
For patients already diagnosed with an interstitial lung disease, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi provides continuity of care as a part of their ongoing treatment plan. Care and treatment for these patients typically includes outpatient consultations with a pulmonary physician who specializes in ILD, repeated pulmonary function testing, and occasional chest imaging studies (such as CT scans).
The Interstitial Lung Disease Program at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi is spearheaded by a multidisciplinary team of physicians and specialists, including:
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