Uveitis, also called ocular inflammatory disease, occurs when there is inflammation inside the eye. Uveitis is a common cause of permanent blindness in developed countries. It is more common in the Middle East and North Africa than North America. Since it is often difficult to diagnose and treat, patients suffering from uveitis should be managed by a highly specialized physician to ensure optimal care. Uveitis specialists at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Eye Institute provide world-class, Patients First treatment to all patients affected by the disease.
Uveitis is the general term used to describe inflammation inside the eye. The Uveitis team at Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi’s Eye Institute carefully evaluates each patient to fully understand their particular condition.
The uvea is part of the inner layer of the eye, which is divided into three different structures: the iris, the ciliary body (behind the iris, where the fluid that nourishes the eye is produced), and the choroid (a highly vascularized layer under the retina). Sometimes inflammation affects other inner structures, like the retina or optic nerve, or the eye wall itself may become inflamed (this is referred to as scleritis). These conditions can affect people of all ages, including children.
Diagnosis of Uveitis
Uncovering the cause of inflammation requires a complete eye examination by a uveitis specialist. Imaging studies of the retina and other structures in the eye, as well as laboratory tests, are frequently needed for an accurate diagnosis. A sample of the aqueous humor (the liquid within the eye) may also be required to clarify the diagnosis and determine appropriate steps for managing the disease.
Treatment of Uveitis
Uveitis treatment depends on the patient’s specific diagnosis. The most common treatment is medical therapy, including eye drops, injections, or oral medications. Rarely, surgery may be necessary.
An ophthalmologist specializing in inflammatory disease takes the lead in the care and treatment for the patient. The uveitis specialist is supported by retina and glaucoma specialists, as these diseases are among the most common complications of uveitis. Because many cases of uveitis are related to systemic infection or rheumatologic disease, specialists in these areas are also key members of the team.
Caregivers involved in patient care for this program are:
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