People with diabetes are at risk for long-term problems affecting the eyes, kidneys, heart, brain, feet, and nerves. The best way to prevent or delay these problems is to control your blood sugar and take good care of yourself.
It is recommended that people with diabetes see an eye doctor every year for a dilated eye exam. Eye problems that can occur with diabetes include:
Symptoms of eye problems include:
If you have any changes in your vision, call your healthcare provider.
Have your urine checked for protein at least once a year. Protein in the urine is a sign of kidney disease. High blood pressure might also lead to kidney disease. Your blood pressure should be checked when you see your healthcare provider.
Symptoms of a kidney problem include:
Prompt treatment may slow the changes with kidney disease.
All people with diabetes have an increased chance for heart disease and strokes. Heart disease is the major cause of death in people with diabetes. It is important to control other risks such as high blood pressure and high fats (cholesterol), as well as blood sugar.
Symptoms of a heart attack include:
Warning signs of a stroke include:
Call your doctor or go to an emergency room if any of these signs or symptoms occur.
High blood sugars can lead to poor flow and nerve damage. This can lead to slow healing of sores. You can experience severe pain, but you can also lose feeling in your feet. In serious cases, this may lead to amputation of your toes, foot, or leg.
High blood sugars can affect all of the nerve endings in your body. Nerve damage can cause many problems.
Symptoms of nerve damage include:
Neuropathy is a disorder of the nervous system that can affect people with diabetes. There are different forms of neuropathy, including:
If you experience any of the above, talk with your healthcare provider.
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This information is provided by the Cleveland Clinic and is not intended to replace the medical advice of your doctor or healthcare provider. Please consult your healthcare provider for advice about a specific medical condition.
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