Although fertility is not a problem, rejection or high blood pressure are both complications a woman might experience for at least 1 year after transplant surgery. Therefore, it is important to prevent a pregnancy during this time by using birth control.
Women who have a kidney transplant can have a healthy pregnancy later. Talk to the Transplant Team about the timing of your pregnancy after your transplant. Also, know the risks and make sure your obstetric provider is experienced in dealing with transplant patients.
A female transplant patient who becomes a new mother should not breastfeed her baby. The immunosuppressive medicines prescribed after transplantation can be passed through the mother’s breast milk and can cause harm to the baby.
Female transplant patients should be sure to have a yearly Pap test (a test for cancer of the cervix) and a mammogram.
Immunosuppressive medicines could cause increased susceptibility to various types of cancer. Pap tests and mammograms are preventive measures that can help your healthcare providers detect any problems.
Information for males
Male transplant patients might experience difficulty with erections after surgery. This might be caused by a reduction of blood flow to the penis, or it might be a result of the transplant medicines. In most cases, this problem can be treated. If erectile dysfunction is a problem for you, please talk about it with your doctor or the Transplant Team.