The Heart Valve Disease Program specializes in disorders in which heart valves are either too narrow or leaking. A dedicated team of multidisciplinary professionals offers the latest methods of diagnosis and treatment.
Cutting-edge ultrasound, x-ray, and computed tomography (CT scan) techniques are available to detect heart valve disease. In addition to standard heart valve surgery techniques, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi offers minimally invasive procedures for heart valve repair and replacement, which can mean less trauma and faster healing for the patient. Surgical procedures can be performed through the groin using catheters, or through small incisions in the chest using videoscopic and robotically-assisted surgery techniques.
The heart valves allow blood to flow through the heart and into the lungs and body. There are four heart valves: aortic, mitral, tricuspid, and pulmonic valves. If diseased, these heart valves are either too narrow (stenosis), or leaking (regurgitation).
Patients are sometimes born with heart valve disease or can develop it as a result of rheumatic disease, infection, or aging. A weak heart muscle and corresponding dilatation of the heart can also lead to heart valve dysfunction. If left untreated, heart valve disease can cause heart rhythm abnormalities, heart failure, or death.
Common types of heart valve disease:
Heart valve disease generally falls into two categories: stenosis, the narrowing of the heart valve, and regurgitations, the leaking of the heart valve.
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most common heart valve problem. Primary mitral regurgitation can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, such as congenital birth defects, acquired degenerative heart valve diseases, or inflammatory diseases or infections. Secondary mitral regurgitation occurs due to incorrect blood flow to the heart muscle or dilatation of the left heart chamber.
Aortic valve stenosis (AS) is a condition where the aortic valve narrows and limits blood flow. It is most commonly found in elderly patients and develops over time. Congenital aortic valve stenosis is a rare condition that is present at birth, in which the heart valve may function normally for several years before requiring treatment.
Pulmonary stenosis and tricuspid regurgitation are the most common valve defects of the right heart.